Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders are made up of many different and distinct groups, each with their own culture, customs, language, and laws. They are among the world’s oldest surviving cultures – cultures that continue to be expressed in dynamic and contemporary ways.
In the early 1800s, it has been estimated that the Aboriginal population was around 750,000.
There were over 500 clans or mobs with more than 260 distinct languages and some 800 dialects.
At the June 2021 census, there were 984,000 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders, representing 3.8
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