The 2022 Australian federal election must be held on or before May 21, 2022 to elect members of the 47th Parliament of Australia. The incumbent Liberal/National Coalition Government, led by Prime Minister Scott Morrison, is seeking to win a fourth consecutive term in office.
In 2018 Scott Morrison promised a Religious Discrimination Act to protect Australians’ religious freedoms, an issue which was taken to the 2019 federal election in May.
Some three years down the track we now have a Religious Discrimination Bill (RDB) which, looking more like a dog’s breakfast, will be released next week.
So, has the government delivered on its promise to introduce the RDB? Yes. Will the RDB become legislation before the next election? Unlikely to ‘no’.
When Scott Morrison announced the ‘miracle’ win in 2019, steps were taken to start the ball rolling on drafting and implementing the promised RDB and the then Attorney-General began community discussions with stakeholders including some 40 faith organisations including FamilyVoice Australia.
Those ‘consultations’ resulted in division and uncertainty with some questioning the need or relevance for such a Bill. To the government’s delight, or perhaps a case of divine intervention, Covid emerged which allowed the government to shelve the RDB, arguing that the government now needed to prioritise Covid as a national emergency – and rightly so.
This unintended consequence meant that the RDB was put at the bottom of the government’s pending bills ‘in tray’, putting serious debate and consultations on hold until 2021.
Enter Michaelia Cash, the new Attorney-General. On March 30, 2021 Senator Cash was appointed the Attorney-General and Minister for Industrial Relations – the Coalition’s first female Attorney-General.
She resurrected the RDB and, like the former Attorney-General, began genuine consultations with the wider community and especially faith groups. FamilyVoice Australia held numerous ‘private’ meetings with a view to clarifying the government’s intent on protections to churches, schools, and indeed individuals.
These consultations resulted in two federal government Inquiries in late 2021 early 2022, with the RDB now set to be introduced commencing February 8, 2022.
The timing for federal elections is determined by a combination of the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 and the Australian Constitution – which dictates that the election day must be no later than May 21, 2022.
If the Act requires at least 33 days between the issue of the writ (the writ is an instruction to the Australian Electoral Commission (AEC) to hold an election) and polling day (although it can be as long as 68 days after Parliament is dissolved), then the time frame for the passing of the RDB is far too short or making it virtually impossible for the Bill to see the light of day before the election.
It seems that the timing of the RDB is either politically astute planning or extremely poor legislative planning – either way this, for the sceptics, would work well for the government as it prevents it from having to commit the Bill to the electorate before the election.
So, if the election day must be a Saturday, it is easy to determine the last possible day on which an election must be called to be held on a certain day.
Historically, a federal election has never been held in January or February, so we can safely assume that the government will avoid a February election. This means there are 12 Saturdays between March 5, 2022 and May 21, 2022 on which the election could be held. Not all of these Saturdays are likely to be an election day as the election is unlikely to be on Easter (16 April 2022) or ANZAC Day long weekends (23 April 2022).
An inspection of the parliamentary sitting calendar indicates that the federal Budget will be on March 29, 2022. Whilst the government can change the sitting calendar, and there is no guarantee that the Budget will be held on the scheduled day, it only leaves three possible election days (7, 14, and 21 May).
Any 2022 election held before May 7, 2022 would, according to the proposed sitting calendar, only have the Parliament sit during the February sitting weeks (and only the first week for a March 19 election).
This means that any legislation the government wants to pass in the current term would need to be passed by both Houses by the end of that sitting. An election on 14 or 21 May would potentially allow the March and April sitting periods to also go ahead.
To complicate matters, the South Australian state election is listed for March 19, 2022 and whilst that election can be deferred so as not to clash with a federal election (see Section 28 of the South Australian Constitution), the available dates for an election are narrowing.
To further complicate matters, governments try to avoid holding elections during school holidays, and with the need for postal and pre-poll voting, the Electoral Legislation Amendment (Counting, Scrutiny and Operational Efficiencies) Act 2021 in August 2021 reduced the early voting period to no more than 12 days, so only three 2022 dates would include Easter or ANZAC Day in the early voting period (two of which are unlikely election days due to Easter and ANZAC Day).
So, will the Religious Discrimination Bill see the ‘Light of Day’? – not on your nelly. Alea iacta est.
Greg Bondar is the NSW and ACT State Director of Family Voice Australia.
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