Jascha Spivakovsky: the great lost pianist we can finally hear

‘The greatest pianist you’ve never heard of’ seems fair: he may well be one of the greatest I’ve ever heard

22 August 2015

9:00 AM

22 August 2015

9:00 AM

William Kapell was an American concert pianist with the looks of a male model and the fingers of a wizard. He played the concertos of Rachmaninov at dashing speed but with delicate precision. He was snapped up by RCA in 1944 at the age of 22 and the world’s leading conductors queued up to accompany him.

In October 1953 he toured Australia. On his last night there he visited Jascha Spivakovsky, a pianist who had escaped the Russian pogroms as a child, settled in Berlin and then fled to Melbourne after Richard Strauss warned him that he was on a Nazi hit-list. He spent the war helping fellow émigrés escape. That was one reason he never signed a recording contract. Also, Australia didn’t have a classical label. When Spivakovsky died in 1970 he hadn’t made a single record as a soloist.

That night, Spivakovsky played Kapell the slow movement of Chopin’s ‘Funeral March’ Sonata. The next day, Kapell headed back to the US, telling reporters at the airport that he wouldn’t be coming back — some Australian critics had been rude and he was notoriously thin-skinned. As his plane approached San Francisco in the fog, it hit the treetops and crashed; everyone was killed.

Kapell’s all-too-few recordings are treasured. Spivakovsky has been forgotten. In his prime he performed with Fürtwängler, Knappertsbusch, Szell and Monteux. His Carnegie Hall debut in 1948 was a triumph. The Daily Telegraph called him ‘one of the greatest pianists of our time’. After hearing him play Beethoven’s last piano sonata, Neville Cardus wrote him a fan letter — ‘you entered the sublime world of the work with an intent, unselfconscious eloquence which brought me close to tears’.

But how are we to judge these verdicts if we can’t hear him? Well, now we can. The first Jascha Spivakovsky CD was issued in the spring; another is coming in October. Why has it taken so long?

Actually, the fact that they’re appearing at all is a small miracle. These are mostly home recordings, made by Jascha’s son Michael in the 1960s while his father was rehearsing for concerts. Spivakovsky didn’t always know he was being taped. Michael would tell him, ‘I’m just checking for sound levels, Dad.’

The mono reel-to-reel tapes, stored in an old sea chest, quickly deteriorated; they were copied on to new tapes, but they also started to disintegrate. Also, as Michael told me last weekend, the quality of reproduction wasn’t great in the first place. ‘Jascha’s sound was extraordinary, and picking it up with a little plastic microphone was like fitting an ocean into a bottle,’ he said.

It was Eden Spivakovsky who insisted that his grandfather’s playing should be introduced to the public. ‘My grandmother was old-school — she and Jascha were both humble people — and she didn’t want to push things. Dad respected that. But I’m a bit more brash.’

After the tapes were saved in digital format they were ‘restored’ — but the results were horrible. That’s no surprise: most digital remasterings of vintage pianists are botched jobs in which tonal colour is scraped away along with the hiss. But Eden refused to give up. Finally he got in touch with Andrew Rose, a former BBC sound engineer whose praises I’ve sung before. Rose performed the equivalent of open-heart surgery on the recordings. He gently lifted off the hiss, correcting the pitch and the tonal inaccuracies of the microphone. Then — his signature touch — he added some ambience, in this case from a concert hall at Santa Cecilia in Rome that is ideal for solo pianos.

So far I’ve only listened to the first CD, issued on Rose’s Pristine Classical label. It includes the Bach-Liszt Fantasy and Fugue in G minor, Beethoven’s ‘Waldstein’ Sonata and Chopin’s First Ballade. All three justify Michael Spivakovsky’s claim that his father’s sound was extraordinary — and unique. The touch is crystalline; the rubato subtle but ingenious, illuminating tiny phrases in the Beethoven that I’d never even noticed. Spivakovsky’s finger control is so powerful that he can produce three or four dynamics simultaneously. This pays glorious dividends in the Bach fugue, where you could almost be listening to separate organ pipes.

It’s risky to make a judgment on the basis of just one disc: we’ll have a clearer picture when we can hear the fabled Beethoven Op. 111 in Volume Two, out in the autumn. Right now, however, I’m tempted to go further than Rose’s description of Jascha Spivakovsky as ‘the greatest pianist you’ve never heard of’. He may well be one of the greatest pianists I’ve ever heard.

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  • R J Stove

    Jascha Spivakovsky was no more than a name to me before this, so I shall be interested in learning more about these recordings. Particularly when Pristine Audio has done so much good work in other areas.

    It is, nevertheless, false to allege, as Damian Thompson (following, I note, Wikipedia) does, that the Australia of JS’s day “didn’t have a classical label.” Actually it had several such labels.

    There were home-grown operations at the time, such as W&G and Festival, which issued a great deal of classical material on LP during the mono and early stereo eras. (Festival attracted an entire book devoted to its achievements: Spinning Around: The Festival Records Story, by P.J. Cox, dating from 2001.) In addition, EMI and RCA possessed Australian affiliates, which periodically produced LPs of their own, devoted frequently to Australian music, and seldom if ever available to British or American buyers.

    Trawling through the catalogue of the Canberra-based National Library of Australia reveals just how many classical LPs were made here, and that catalogue is by no means exhaustive: I own a number of 1960s LPs which, for whatever reason, never made it to the National Library.

    • Damian Thompson

      Thanks for that info. I did quite a search for Australian classical labels and came up with nothing. The ones you mention have left little, if any trace, on the internet. You could put this right on Wiki. What’s clear is that Australia didn’t have a classical label that could offer JS a significant recording contract.

      • R J Stove

        Thanks, Mr Thompson, for your response. I’ve now, for what it might be worth, altered the relevant passage in JS’s Wikipedia entry so that it reads as follows:

        ‘Because there were few Australian commercial recordings of classical music at that time (such recordings were made, but the labels in question had extremely limited budgets as well as almost nonexistent overseas distribution), Spivakovsky was virtually unknown …’

        And so forth. That should clear up the matter for future Wikipedia users, I imagine, although it’s a shame that no Australian label at the time had the courage to offer JS a contract when he was at the height of his pianistic powers. Any such contract would have been better than none.

        • Damian Thompson

          It’s quite possible that one of them did offer JS a contract but that the repertoire they were asking for didn’t appeal to him. No doubt full details will emerge when the Spivakovsky archive is complete – the family is working on some exciting projects now. But clearly JS loved Australia and felt that he’d rather live in his adoptive country than make bigger bucks somewhere else. Good for him – and the story ends happily with these new releases 🙂

  • markarama23

    One of the greatest pianists I’ve heard, most definitely. The amazing sonority, the beautifully coordinated rubato, the incredible voicing… ever aspect of the playing is utterly convincing, musical, and serves his grounded conceptions of the works he is performing. Delighted his family are making these incredible private recordings available. Hopefully some broadcast performances will come to light.

  • Fascinating story, Damian. I’ve heard Michael Spivakovsky was about and at one stage was given his contact numbers. I wonder if my friend Maurice Austin, who discovered recordings of William Kapell’s last concerts in Melbourne and Geelong, has heard of the Spivakovsky discs. The Kapell pressings were made in 1953 from the radio at home by Maurice’s friend Roy Preston. The full story of Kapell’s short life and the rediscovery of his last recordings, which I believe have proved his pianistic genius, are in my book ‘A Lasting Record’ (HarperCollins, 2013). The book also analyses the Australian air crash that killed him as well as his wife’s battle in New York courts in the 1960s to get compensation for his death. The Australian government and Qantas fought tooth and nail — with deep pockets — to ensure that she was the only relative of a crash victim to get nothing. It’s a frightening yarn.