Book review — Middle East history

The 67 words that ensured endless bloodshed

18 November 2017 9:00 am

If books about the Israeli-Arab conflict were building blocks, the Palestinians would have their own state already and then some.…

T.E. Lawrence: from young romantic to shame-shattered veteran

16 April 2016 9:00 am

Is there anything new to be said about T.E. Lawrence? I mean, really. In the century since his stirring exploits…

Left: The main gate to the mighty citadel has withstood centuries of invasion. Now much scarred, it presides over a bombed-out city, including the wrecked medieval souq (above), until recently the world’s largest and most vibrant covered historic market and Unesco world heritage site

Syria's Stalingrad: how Aleppo slipped from tolerance to terrorism

5 March 2016 9:00 am

When the German doctor and botanist Leonhard Rauwolff visited the Syrian city of Aleppo during an eccentrically Teutonic herb-hunting mission…