James Hawes

The greatest ‘if only’ of modern history... that the Weimar Republic had succeeded

27 June 2020 9:00 am

Has it ever occurred to you that the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918 might have won us the war? Until…

Hitler’s legacy: two books examine different aspects of the horror that was Germany, 1945

21 September 2019 9:00 am

Two new books offer very different takes on the utter ruination of Germany in 1945. Each in its own way…

Franz Kafka. Credit: Getty Images

The absurd struggle to claim ownership of Kafka

5 January 2019 9:00 am

Benjamin Balint’s Kafka’s Last Trial is a legal and philosophical black comedy of the first water, complete, like all the…

‘Portrait of Friedrich Nietzsche’, Edvard Munch, c. 1906

Nietzsche’s intense friendship with Wagner forms the core of Sue Prideaux’s excellent new biography

29 September 2018 9:00 am

In 1945, with the second world war won bar the shouting, Bertrand Russell polished off his brief examination of Friedrich…